Научный семинар

18 октября 2011 года в 14:30 в Центре аэрокосмической науки и технологий, Университет Бейра Интериор, г. Ковильян, Португалия (Centre for Aerospace Science and Technologies, University of Beira Interior, Covilha, Portugal) состоялся семинар проф. Асланова В. С. на тему "Регулярная и хаотическая динамика спутников-гиростатов".

This report presents the study of axial gyrostats dynamics. The gyrostat is composed of two rigid bodies: an asymmetric platform and an axisymmetric rotor aligned with the platform principal axis. The paper discusses three types of gyrostats: oblate, prolate and intermediate. Rotation of the rotor relative to the platform provides a source of small internal angular momentum and does not affect the moment of inertia tensor of the gyrostat. The dynamics of gyrostats without external torque is considered.

The dynamics is described by using ordinary differential equations with Andoyer-Deprit canonical variables. For undisturbed motion, when the internal moment is equal to zero, the stationary solutions are found, and their stability is studied. General analytical solutions in terms of elliptic functions are also obtained. These results can be interpreted as the development of the classical Euler case for a solid, when to one degree of freedom - the relative rotation of bodies - is added. For disturbed motion of the gyrostats, when there is a system with slowly varying parameters, the adiabatic invariants are obtained in terms of complete elliptic integrals, which are approximately equal to the first integrals of the disturbed system. The adiabatic invariants remain approximately constant along a trajectory for long time intervals during which the parameter changes considerably. We also consider the chaotic motion of the free gyrostat consisting of a platform with a triaxial inertia ellipsoid and a rotor with a small asymmetry with respect to the axis of rotation. Dimensionless equations of motion of the system with perturbations caused by small asymmetries of the rotor are written in Andoyer-Deprit variables. These perturbations lead to separatrix chaos. For gyrostats with different ratios of moments of inertia heteroclinic and homoclinic trajectories are written in closed-form. These trajectories are used for constructing modified Melnikov function, which is used for determine the control that eliminates separatrix chaos. Melnikov function and phase space trajectory are built to show the effectiveness of the control. The results of the study can be useful for the analysis of dynamics of dual-spin spacecraft and for studying a chaotic behavior of the spacecraft.

Проф. Асланов В. С. и научный руководитель Центра аэрокосмической науки и технологии при Университете Beira Interior Анна Герман (Anna Guerman).